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Warning! Post Wildfire Traumatic Stress Disorder is Real Warning! Post Wildfire Traumatic Stress Disorder is Real
Note: ModernJeepers should take heed of this valuable insight from Don Amador into the aftermath of devastating wildfires.  Our access back into these burned-out... Warning! Post Wildfire Traumatic Stress Disorder is Real

Note: ModernJeepers should take heed of this valuable insight from Don Amador into the aftermath of devastating wildfires.  Our access back into these burned-out and devastated areas can wait until we get the “all clear” sign.

The Editors

With post-fire assessments underway on the Mendocino Complex and Carr Fires in California, it is important for the OHV community to be patient as agency staff plan for both contract and volunteer recovery projects, and to appreciate there may be some emotional trauma in play as well.

Dead jack-strawed trees blocking OHV trail on Mendocino NF.

Psychological Affects on People

Having spent most of my personal life and professional career recreating and working on federal OHV recreation areas impacted by the aforementioned wildfires, I find myself writing this article as a way for me to cope with, and process the devastating long-term effects these fires have had on lands that I and others deeply treasure.

Visual and physical impacts to recreation opportunities

The American Psychological Association (APA) states that trauma is an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape or natural disaster. Immediately after the event, shock and denial are typical. Longer term reactions include unpredictable emotions, flashbacks, strained relationships and even physical symptoms like headaches or nausea.

APA goes on to say that accidents or wildfires are typically unexpected, sudden and overwhelming. For many people, there are no outwardly visible signs of physical injury, but there can be nonetheless an emotional toll. It is common for people who have experienced disaster to have strong emotional reactions.

A Call for Patience

Outdoor recreationists and agency staff are often very passionate about their access to, and relationship with, the land.  It’s understandable that career agency personnel on the affected unit might find themselves in some stage of shock after battling the fire and seeing their life’s work go up in smoke.

Trail enthusiasts may also have trouble processing how the wildfire has impacted their favorite route network and/or camping opportunities.

Health professionals at the Mayo Clinic state that Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that’s triggered by a terrifying event — either experiencing it or witnessing it. Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event.

The Mayo Clinic also states that most people who go through traumatic events may have temporary difficulty adjusting and coping, but with time and good self-care, they usually get better. If the symptoms get worse, last for months or even years, and interfere with your day-to-day functioning, you may have PTSD.

Historic Fire Season in California

As the 2018 record-breaking wildfire season continues probably until the rains come, I believe it is important for the greater OHV community and our partners to understand that we might be suffering from Post Wildfire Traumatic Stress Disorder (PWTSD).

At least for me, I have found the posting of stories and pictures of my experiences in the affected areas to be therapeutic.  Talking with my friends, colleagues, and partners are other ways that I cope with PWTSD.

Don Amador doing post-fire trail clearing

I know that many OHVers are chomping at the bit to help with volunteer post-wildfire recovery projects. However, it is important to exercise patience until agency staff has completed their assessments and planning efforts and to understand that they – and even you – may be in some stage of the PWTSD recovery process.


Don Amador Author

Don Amador has 28 years of experience in the field of OHV recreation management and federal/state land-use policy. Don is president of Quiet Warrior Racing/Consulting, an OHV recreation consulting company. Don also serves as Core-Team Lead for FireScape Mendocino, a forest-health collaborative that is part of the National Fire Learning Network. Don is a contributor to

  • Ellen M Amador

    August 30, 2018 #1 Author

    Very well written and insightful information. Thanks for posting this.


  • Scott Sinclair

    August 30, 2018 #2 Author

    Great article about the effects of wildfires on recreationists be they motorized or non motorized.


  • Harry Palmer

    August 30, 2018 #3 Author

    Don, the massive fires in California, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico and the other states have destroyed or damaged large areas of the forest. The land remains, but it needs help to recover. Now is the time for organizations like yours to work with the Forestry people in planning how to recover. Some of them may be aware of the existing trails, but they are few in number and have a very challenging task ahead of them. Groups like yours as well as fishing & camping organizations should work with the Forestry people to lay out better trails, better access to streams and to develop the methods to enable the forests to be rehabilitated. We have done some of this in New Mexico, although it has taken many years to accomplish. I’ve seen places in Colorado where it will be generations before the forests recover just due to the size of the areas which were burned. I encourage all groups to work alongside the National Parks and the BLM to develop the needed plans and to establish work groups for doing preventive, erosion control measures.


  • Merdith C. Lockwood

    August 30, 2018 #4 Author

    Hey Scott, Great to see your still active in this crazy world. We should get together soon. Call me 626-800-9345. Yea another Old buddy emerges from the dust of another failed environmental policy of the FS, CDF , and the environmental community. We are still fighting the good fight. Cam


  • Marilyn Perham

    September 5, 2018 #5 Author

    Nicely written Don. My thoughts have been with you and the rest of the Mendocino folks as this disaster has unfolded.


    • Don Amador

      September 5, 2018 #6 Author

      Marilyn, thanks for your kind words and thoughts I know folks on FireScape Mendocino and others appreciate it more than you know. Hope our paths or trails cross again in the future.


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